The broad field of child and maternal health deals with all health-related issues pertinent to mothers and their babies. A healthy start to life is integral to the health of future generations. Child health is concerned with understanding, preventing and/or managing a wide range of health concerns that impact human health from before birth through to adolescence including common diseases of childhood, the paediatric antecedents of adult chronic disease, and factors impacting on mental and physical well-being and adjustment. Maternal health is concerned with the health of women throughout preconception, pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum and the strong interactions that exist between maternal well-being and the health of offspring. Research at UQ spans perinatal research, neonatology, pregnancy, and paediatric and obstetric medicine and health science and involves the full spectrum of research activity from basic science through to clinical trials and implementation.